Good vision is the key to education and development in children. When the child's vision is not working properly, it is a hindrance to the child's development and bright future. If your child has any symptoms of eye disease, do not delay in consulting a child eye doctor.
What is Pediatric Ophthalmology?
Pediatric Ophthalmologist are usually the first stop for children who exhibit problems with vision development. The conditions most commonly treated in pediatric optometry are: Refractive errors: Nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia) and astigmatism. Amblyopia (lazy eye)
Symptoms Of Pediatric Ophthalmology
Tilting The Head To See A Specific Thing
Complaining Of Frequent Headaches
Frequent Water And Dirt In The Eye
Frequent Rubbing Of Eyes
Reading Books Very Close To The Eyes
Making Lots Of Mistakes While Studying
Difficulty In Reading From The Blackboard In School
Shrinking Of Eyes To Look Objects At Far
Constantly Having Droopy Eyelids
Hesitating To Participate In Sports
Redness In The Eyes
Having Low Vision Or Inability To See At Night
Treatment Of Pediatric Ophthalmology
Comprehensive Eye Care Services And Treatment For Children Under One Roof
Amblyopia / Lazy Eye
Squint Or Strabismus
Ptosis Surgery (Droopy Eyes)
Eyeglasses For Children
Is your Child facing any
EyeSight or Vision Loss problems?
Complete Pediatric Ophthalmology Treatment With State-Of-The-Art Technology
The binocular slit-lamp examination provides a stereoscopic magnified view of the eye structures in detail, enabling anatomical diagnoses to be made for a variety of eye conditions. A second, hand-held lens is used to examine the retina. A slit-lamp exam is usually done during a regular checkup with your eye doctor before the cataract surgery procedure.
NC Tonometer is used to perform Tonometry. Tonometry is a quick and simple test that checks the pressure inside your eyes. The results can help your doctor see if you're at risk for glaucoma. The pressure inside your eye is called intraocular pressure (IOP).
This lens provides ultra resolution with radinal image with the binocular indirect ophthalmoscope during clinical practice or in the operating room.
Ophthalmoscopy is a test that look at the back of the eye called the fundus. The fundus consists of the retina, optic disc and blood vessels.
A direct ophthalmoscope is a device that produces an unreversed or upright image of around 15 x magnification.
An indirect ophthalmoscope produces a reversed or inverted image with 2 to 5 x magnification.
Orthoptics is a profession allied to the eye care profession. Orthoptists are the experts in diagnosing and treating defects in eye movements and problems with how the eyes work together, called binocular vision. These can be caused by issues with the muscles around the eyes or defects in the nerves enabling the brain to communicate with the eyes. Orthoptists are responsible for the diagnosis and non-surgical management of strabismus (squint), amblyopia (lazy eye) and eye movement disorders.
The prism cover test has been in use for many years for measuring ocular alignment. The measurements obtained are used for both calculating ...
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an imaging method used to generate a picture of the back of the eye, called the retina. OCT uses light waves to take cross-section pictures of your retina. The OCT is an excellent way to visualize the different layers of the retina and optic nerve in the eye. OCT is routinely used during check-up of patients with glaucoma.
An operating surgical microscope is the most important optical instrument in the modern era of ophthalmic surgeries. It provides the surgeon with a magnified and illuminated high-quality image of the small ophthalmic structures. Being binocular the surgical microscopes gives the additional benefit of high-quality stereoscopy. Our microscopes are high-end with video recording facilities.
Frequently asked questions
- Congenital eye diseases or genetic eye diseases such as coloboma (structural defect in the eye due to defective development), subluxation or decentration of lens (ectopialentis- weakening of the zonules or anchors which hold the lens in its place), ptosis(drooping of eyelid)
- Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) seen in premature babies, especially those with low- birth weight, septicemia, infections, prolonged ventilation etc. ROP is a potentially blinding condition if not picked up and treated in time
- Congenital or developmental cataract, which can be hereditary or due to infections, trauma or drug induced
- Cortical visual impairment(CVI), which is impairment in vision due to damage to the visual area of the brain occurring especially during the neonatal period
- Certain malignancies such as retinoblastoma which can occur especially in children
- Children with certain systemic diseases may be at a higher risk of acquiring certain eye diseases. Some of these systemic diseases include:
- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- Juvenile diabetes mellitus
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Metabolic disorders
- Pediatric ophthalmology, which includes a special visual assessment and refraction testing for babies
- Pediatric retina
- Ocular oncology services for Retinoblastoma
- Amblyopia, binocular vision and CVI treatment clinic (ABC clinic)
- Myopia clinic
- Visual rehabilitation
- Aashraya – Support group for children with blinding eye diseases
- Correction of refractive error
- Treatment of squint, with glasses
- Squint surgery for children
- Squint surgery for adults
- Pediatric cataract surgery
- Membranectomy and YAG capsulotomy (for PCO or posterior capsular opacification)
- Secondary IOL implantation (for children who are aphakic)
- Botox injection for squint/nerve palsies
- Prism trial and prismatic correction of double vision
- Amblyopia treatment (Home based and office based)
- Orthoptics exercises at binocular vision clinic
- Therapy for children with Cortical visual impairment (CVI) including vision therapy, speech therapy, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, special education
- Visual rehabilitation
Several eye conditions can affect children. Signs that indicate a child may have vision problems include:
- A child with poor vision may manifest in the following ways:
- Sits too close to the TV
- Has trouble reading the blackboard ormakes mistakes when copying from the black board
- Stumbles or trips over things easily
- Keeps books or reading materials very close to the face
- Squinting or crossing of eyes
- Adopting an unusual position of head or face (looking through the sides)
- Shaking of the eyes
- Itching or rubbing of the eyes
- Discharge from the eyes
- Redness in the eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Eyes appear to bulge
- White reflex in the center of the eye – which can be a sign of serious and potentially blinding eye diseases such as cataract, retinal detachment or uveitis
Any of the above symptoms or complaints from your child should not be neglected. Some eye conditions and diseases are hereditary and can affect your child as well. Consult your child’s doctor or an ophthalmologist at the earliest for early detection and treatment of eye disorders.
While the brain is 90% structurally developed by the time a child turns one year old, the functional development of the brain is a continuous process which also depends on learning and information. In a similar manner, a child’s eyes and the connections between the eye and the brain are also immature and still growing. This growth and maturity can get affected by poor vision due to various causes, and can lead to a condition known as lazy eye or amblyopia, where one of the eyes or less commonly both eyes do not reach its full visual potential. If the cause of lazy eye is not corrected in time, it can lead to permanent loss of vision. Treatment of the cause at a later age cannot restore vision in the lazy eye.
Causes for lazy eye include:
- Unequal refractive error
- Uncorrected high refractive error in both eyes (hyperopia, myopia or astigmatism)
- Corneal opacity
- Drooping of eyelid